French luxury jeweler and watch manufacturer. The corporation carries the name of the Cartier family of jewellers whose control ended in 1964.
Cartier was founded in Paris in 1847 by Louis-François Cartier when he took over the workshop of his master. In 1874, his son Alfred Cartier took over the administration of the company, but it was Alfred’s sons Louis, Pierre and Jacques, who were responsible for establishing the worldwide brand name of Cartier.
In 1904, the Brazilian pioneer aviator, Alberto Santos-Dumont complained of the unreliability and impracticality of using pocket watches while flying to his friend Louis Cartier. Cartier designed a flat wristwatch with a distinctive square bezel. This watch was not only a hit with Santos-Dumont, but also with Cartier’s many clients. Thus, the “Santos” was born.
Louis retained responsibility for the Paris branch, moving to the Rue de la Paix, in 1899. He was responsible for some of the company’s most celebrated designs, like the mystery clocks(a type of clock with a transparent dial and so named because their works are hidden), fashionable wristwatches and exotic orientalist Art Deco designs.
In 1907, Cartier signed a contract with Edmond Jaeger, who agreed to exclusively supply the movements for Cartier watches. By this time, Cartier had branches in London, New York and St. Petersburg. The introduction of the Baignoire and Tortue models (both of which are still in production today) took place in 1912, followed by the Tank model’s debut in 1917. The Cartier tank model, designed by Louis Cartier, was inspired from the newly introduced war machines on the Western Front. This line too has survived, with over thirty varieties now being made since.
In the early 1920s Cartier formed a joint company with Edward Jaeger (of Jaeger-LeCoultre) to produce movements solely for Cartier. Thus was the European watch & clock company born, although Cartier continued to use movements from other great makers. Cartier watches can be found with movements from Vacheron Constantin, Audemars-Piguet,Movado and LeCoultre. It was also during this period that Cartier began adding its own reference numbers to the watches it sold, usually by stamping a four-digit code on the underside of a lug. Jacques took charge of the London operation and eventually moved to the current address at New Bond Street.
Pierre Cartier established the New York City branch in 1909, moving in 1917 to the current location of 653 Fifth Avenue, the Neo-Renaissancemansion of Morton Freeman Plant (son of railroad tycoon Henry B. Plant) and designed by architect C.P.H. Gilbert. Cartier acquired the mansion from the Plants in exchange for $100 in cash and a double-stranded natural pearl necklace valued at the time at $1 million.
In 1972 a group of investors led by Joseph Kanoui bought Cartier Paris. In 1974 and 1976 respectively, Cartier London and Cartier New York were bought back. In 1979 the Cartier interests were combined together, creating “Cartier Monde” uniting and controlling Cartier Paris, London and New York.
In 1988 Cartier acquired a majority holding in Piaget and Baume & Mercier.
In 1994, the Cartier Foundation moved to the Rive Gauche and opened their new headquarters, an architectural work of art designed for them by the architect, Jean Nouvel. Following the accidental death of Robert Hocq in December of that year; his sister, Brigitte Hocq, was appointed chairman of the company. Joseph Kanoui was appointed vice president of Cartier Monde.
Today, Cartier operates more than 200 stores in 125 countries. As well as wristwatches, the product range of Cartier also includes leather goods and accessories.
|Movements Only:||Caliber 020 MC||Both||650|
|Caliber 047 MC||Both||650|
|Caliber 048 MC||Both||650|
|Caliber 049 MC||Both||650|
|Caliber 052 MC||Both||650|
|Caliber 076 MC||CW||650-800|
|Caliber 077 MC||Both||650|
|Caliber 120 MC||CW||650-800|
|Caliber 149 MC||Both||650|
|Caliber 191 MC||CCW||500|
|Caliber 200 MC||CW||650-800|
|Caliber 205 MC||CW||800|
|Caliber 220 MC||CW||650-800|
|Caliber 381A MC||CW||650-800|
|Caliber 1904-PS MC||Both||650-950|
|Caliber 3110 MC||Both||650|
|Caliber 8000 MC||Both||650-800|
|Caliber 8100 MC||CW||800|
|Caliber 8101 MC||CW||800|
|Caliber 8500 MC||TBD||TBD|
|Caliber 8510 MC||Both||650|
|Caliber 8630 MC||CW||800|
|Caliber 9421 MC||TBD||TBD|
|Caliber 9422 MC||TBD||TBD|
|Caliber 9452 MC||TBD||TBD|
|Autoscaph: W10147U2||Caliber 049 MC||Both||650|
|Ballon Bleu de Cartier Large||Caliber 049 MC||Both||650|
|Ballon Bleu de Cartier Medium||Caliber 076 MC||CW||650-800|
|Ballon Bleu de Cartier XL||Caliber 8101 MC||CW||650-800|
|Ballon Bleu de Cartier Chronograph XL||CW||650-800|
|Calibre de Cartier Watch||Caliber 1904-PS MC||Both||650-950|
|Pasha 950||Base Frederic Piguet 1185||CW||800|
|Pasha Plongeur: W31016N1||Caliber 020 MC||Both||650|
|Pasha C de Cartier: W31047M7||Caliber 049 / 052 MC||Both||650|
|Pasha C Chronograph: W31048M7||Caliber 047 MC||Both||650|
|Pasha C Ltd. Ed. 2007 35mm||Caliber 049 MC||Both||650|
|Pasha C Two Time Zone Watch, Medium Model||Caliber 048 MC||Both||650|
|Pasha de Cartier 42mm||Caliber 8000 MC||Both||650-800|
|Pasha de Cartier Ltd. Ed. 42mm||Caliber 8000 MC||Both||650-800|
|Pasha de Cartier Chronograph 42mm: W31030H3||Caliber 8100 MC||CW||800|
|Pasha Watch, XL||Caliber 8000 MC||Both||650-800|
|Pasha Lunette Simple: 81750113||Caliber 020 MC||Both||650|
|Pasha Power Reserve: W3101255||Caliber 049 MC||Both||650|
|Pasha Seatimer Large Model||Caliber 049 MC||Both||650|
|Pasha Seatimer XL Model||Caliber 049 MC||Both||650|
|Pasha Seatimer Chronograph 42.5mm||Caliber 8630 MC||CW||800|
|Roadster Chronograph XL||Caliber 8510 MC||Both||650|
|Roadster Large Model: W62025V3, W62031Y4, W62041V3||Caliber 3110 MC||Both||650|
|Roadster S Watch, Large Model: W6206017, W6206018||Caliber 049 MC||Both||650|
|Roadster Two Time Zones XL||Caliber 8500 MC||TBD||TBD|
|Roadster XL Model: W6206000, W6206001, W6206012||Caliber 3110 MC||Both||650|
|Santos 100 Carbon Watch Chronograph XL||Caliber 8630 MC||CW||800|
|Santos 100 Carbon Watch Large Model||Caliber 049 MC||Both||650|
|Santos 100 Carbon Watch Medium Model||Caliber 076 MC||CW||650-800|
|Santos 100 Large||Caliber 049 MC||Both||650|
|Santos 100 LE Large Dragon Motif||Caliber 049 MC||Both||650|
|Santos 100 LE Large Saint-Basile Motif||Caliber 049 MC||Both||650|
|Santos 100 Medium||Caliber 076 MC||CW||650-800|
|Santos 100 XL Chronograph||Caliber 8630 MC||CW||800|
|Santos de Cartier Galbée Grand Modele: W20040D6||Caliber 220 MC||CW||650-800|
|Santos de Cartier Galbée XL||Caliber 049 MC||Both||650|
|Santos Carré: 81036283||Caliber 77 MC||Both||650|
|Santos Galbe Small||Caliber 77 MC||Both||650|
|Santos Galbe Large||Caliber 120 MC||CW||650-800|
|Santos Ronde: W20028G1||Caliber 77 MC||Both||650|
|Tank Americaine Large Model||Caliber 120 or 220 MC||CW||650-800|
|Tank Americaine Medium Model: WB7045MP||Caliber 77 MC||Both||650|
|Tank Americaine Medium Model: W2603556||Caliber 200 MC||CW||650-800|
|Tank Americaine Watch XL||Caliber 191 MC||CCW||500|
|Tank Americaine XL Chronograph||Caliber 205 MC||CW||800|
|Tank Divan||Caliber 381A MC||CW||650-800|
|Tank Francaise Auto Large Size||Caliber 220 MC||CW||650-800|
|Tank Francaise Large Model||Caliber 120 MC||CW||650-800|
|Tank Francaise XXL Yearling||Caliber 120 MC||CW||650-800|
|Tortue Perpetual Calendar||Caliber 9422 MC||TBD||TBD|
|Tortue Perpetual Calendar Two Time Zones||Caliber 9421 MC||TBD||TBD|